A Definitive Guide To Hemp CBD
What Does CBD Oil Stand For and What’s in it?
Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, is a non-psychoactive compound naturally occurring in the cannabis plant. It is widely suggested to have excellent holistic applications and medical benefits. Impressively, it does not have mind-altering or psychoactive effects. It does not cause the feeling of “getting high” but does induce relaxation.
There are three varieties of Cannabidiol: isolate, full-spectrum, and broad-spectrum. Isolate consists of cannabidiol molecules that are completely isolated into a pure compound, 99.8% to be exact. Full-spectrum oil refers to the oil containing all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant, evading THC. However, for the product to be considered hemp and federally legal, the detectable THC must be less than 0.3%. Broad-spectrum oil contains all of the naturally occurring terpenes and cannabinoids in the hemp plant, like full-spectrum, but the THC has been isolated from the product.
What is the difference between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil?
Hemp oil and CBD oil are often heard synonymously and interchangeably. However, there is a definite difference between the two. Hemp oil is extracted from seeds. It is high in antioxidants, omega-3s, and omega-6s, but contains no cannabinoids. Thus, meaning that hemp oil contains no cannabinoids, no cannabidiol, and no THC.
Cannabidiol oil is one of many components of the cannabis plant. The oil is extracted from the flowers, stalks, and leaves of the cannabis plant. The oil does contain CBD and phytocannabinoids.
Sure, hemp and cannabidiol oil are both derived from the same plant, but they’re very different beyond the surface. They are extracted from different parts of the plant and have different effects on the body.
What’s the difference between Hemp CBD vs. Marijuana (THC)?
Are all cannabidiol products created equal? There’s often confusion around CBD derived from marijuana and derived from hemp. It’s important for you to know the difference when looking to purchase a cannabidiol oil because of their different legalities, efficacy, and effects.
When looking at hemp and marijuana, the largest difference is in the CBD and THC content. Yes, both are cannabinoids, but THC has psychoactive effects and works directly with CB1 and CB2 receptors. CBD does not have psychoactive effects or interacts directly with CB1 and CB2 receptors, on the other hand. Marijuana or “mary J” is typically created to have high levels of THC, while hemp is created to have minimal THC (little to none at all).
What’s the difference between Hemp vs. CBD?
They both use different parts of the hemp plant. Hemp oil uses only the hemp seeds. CBD oil, on the other hand, use the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant. Hemp oil is rich in omega-3s and omega-6s. Cannabidiol oil is rich in 100+ phytocannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes.
What are the benefits of CBD Oil?
Initial research points to the fact that it may provide therapeutic effects and medicinal benefits, leading to a significant increase in interest in this cannabinoid compound.
What is it commonly used for?
- Minimization of seizures
- Pain relief
- Therapeutic relief
- Inflammation reduction
- Reduction in anxiety
- Helps regulate sleep, immune system responses, hormone production
- Assists with muscle and joint health
Depending on an individual’s therapeutic needs, different CBD products may be more helpful than others for their ailments or injuries. Recent studies have suggested that cannabinoid oil is a safe and effective therapeutic option for individuals wanting an all-natural holistic alternative to conventional medicine. The anti-inflammatory characteristics of cannabidiol, help with joint and muscle health as well as assisting in pain relief.
What forms of CBD are available?
Glad you asked! There are TONS of options available. It can be in tincture oil forms, capsules, edibles, topicals, creams, etc. Depending on what you’re looking for, CBD can mold to your lifestyle, in whichever way of your choosing. There are cannabinoid and edible applications for each.
Skin -- Topical Salves / Creams / Rubs / Sticks
This application is typically used for acute and direct application. Such as arthritis, ankle sprains, plantar fasciitis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel, tennis elbow, fibromyalgia, and headaches and migraines. Full-spectrum salves provide a whole panel of cannabinoids for increased potency.
Oil Drop Tinctures
Tincture CBD Oils are utilized in a full-spectrum form (whole-plant derived) and isolate forms (Pure CBD) that are applied directly under the tongue or mixed in water. This form is typically used for direct application to the central nervous system and the entire body for ailments like anxiety, stress, epilepsy, insomnia, depression, PTSD, autoimmune responses, ADHD, cancer, systemic inflammatory diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. All applications are available as Isolate, Broad-spectrum, and Full-Spectrum.
Capsules, Soft Gels, and Pills
Full-spectrum soft gels essentially have the same application as tincture oils. The difference is that each soft gel is measured to a specific milligram to provide a consumer with a perfectly measured dose. This could be used for many ailments, including all the ones listed above.
Powders / Supplements
Superfood green powder has a broad range of greens, phytonutrients, vitamins and of course, CBD. This application is great to give a nice, clean energy boost before a workout or just to get your day started naturally with improved focus.
Cannabidiol Edibles / Food / Drink
Available in snack form or infused drinks, this can be a great way to normalize CBD into your diet. If you like to cook or are curious to taste cannabidiol into your favorite foods, having edible options may be a great option for you.
Where can I buy CBD Oil near me?
Finding the right CBD oil for you is not a walk in the park. Here’s a small guide as to where to begin your search for Oils and products that are a perfect fit for you.
- Online. Want a quick, easy look into what’s available out there? The internet is your answer. CBD products are sold online, offering you a fast, secure, and convenient way to purchase products on your own time. When shopping and browsing online, you will have a variety of products to choose from which can be a great advantage, but also may be overwhelming. Before you buy, compare prices and choose the one that is most fitting for you. In addition, the product can be delivered directly to your door - simple and easy.
- Storefront. You can purchase these products in retail stores or over-the-counter places like Sprouts, Gyms, Nutrition Shops, Supplement and Vitamins stores, or other natural markets. The advantage here is getting to see the products in person before you purchase them. Plus, you can ask questions and get answers right then and there. You can also ask questions about other products present in the store that you may be interested in. Ask about third-party testing too!
- Medicinal Marijuana Stores/Shops. In states where cannabidiol is legal, there are medical cannabis dispensaries that offer CBD-rich products. In this instance, a medically licensed doctor must certify patients before purchasing.
What is the difference between CBD full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and Isolate?
The content of THC in the CBD. Full-spectrum oil contains all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes of the hemp plant, evading the THC. However, for the full-spectrum product to be considered hemp and federally legal, the detectable THC must be less than 0.3%. I like to think of full-spectrum as being the “full-spectrum of what you need.'' Broad-spectrum oil contains all of the naturally occurring terpenes and cannabinoids in the hemp plant, like full-spectrum, but the THC has been isolated from the product. Thus, broad-spectrum contains 0.0% THC. More on these forms of Cannabidiol down below.
Since topicals are applied specifically to the source (directly onto the skin), the cannabinoids don’t need to travel through the digestive system to work efficiently. On the contrary, topicals actually work significantly faster and have faster impacts on the specified areas compared to CBD oils ingested orally.
Full Spectrum Oils and Topicals
When a CBD oil, capsule, or topical product claims to be a full-spectrum, for example, this means that the plant’s original terpenes and other cannabinoids weren’t filtered out during the extraction. Full-spectrum oil refers to the oil-containing all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant, evading THC, CBN, and CBG. However, for the product to be considered hemp and federally legal, the detectable THC must be less than 0.3%.
Full-spectrum is also referred to as pure-spectrum. Both full-spectrum and pure-spectrum are pretty much synonymous, so if you see either of these labeled as such, they mean the same thing.
Commonly, there are four main cannabinoids found in a full-spectrum formula:
- Cannabidiol (CBD) - Obviously, a CBD product needs to have cannabidiol as the star performer! This is the non-psychoactive cannabinoid component.
- Cannabichromene (CBC) - CBC is just one of the many cannabinoids. However, in the full-spectrum cannabidiol, you’ll typically only find minor amounts of CBC present.
- Cannabigerol (CBG) - CBG is another key cannabinoid, an essential compound. It’s typical quantity is found to be about 3% or less in a full-spectrum formula.
- Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) - THCV is present in full-spectrum oils, but in only very small quantities.
By leaving all the terpenes in a full-spectrum oil, there is potential for users to benefit from more than just these compounds. Users can benefit from the terpenes, phytocannabinoids, and flavonoids too.
Topicals and salves can be available in a full-spectrum form as well. Whether it is a lotion, cream, salve, or stick, the options are available for you in topical forms.
Broad Spectrum Oils and Topicals
Similar to full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum oil contains all of the natural occurring terpenes and cannabinoids in the hemp plant, but the THC has been isolated from the product. The key difference here is that there is an additional extraction step that filters out any and all traces of THC. By removing any and all traces of THC, consumers of broad-spectrum CBD oil need not worry about encountering any concerns of potentially “feeling high”. You’re getting all the benefits from the hemp plant as well as the other minor terpenes and cannabinoids naturally present.
A broad-spectrum formula is a great option for those who can’t have any traces of THC in their system. It offers all the benefits associated with a pure-spectrum formula, without the chances or uncertainty of THC being present.
Most topical products contain broad-spectrum CBD. By removing the THC in the additional extraction process, users do not need to worry about when the “high” will come into effect after applying their salve, stick, cream, or lotion, simply because there is no THC present.
CBD Isolate Oils and Topicals
Another popular option for consumers is CBD isolate. Isolate comes in the form of white powder or a crystalline solid. Isolate consists of cannabidiol molecules that are completely isolated into a pure compound, 99.8% to be exact. The isolate is stripped of all other cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. It is the most refined form of the non-psychoactive cannabinoid - again, containing up to 99% pure cannabidiol.
Another wonderful advantage of taking isolates is that you are not consuming any THC whatsoever! So for those of you that have jobs that require random drug testing, isolates may be your answer.
Users have reported that isolate is a great way to make your own topicals. Since isolate is typically in a white powder form, users can combine it with their current lotions, tinctures, or recipes.
Is CBD legal? Yes
- The 2018 Farm Bill, which passed in December, was noted for legalizing the [regulated] production of hemp and hemp-derived products that contain less than 0.3 percent THC. The bill achieved this by removing hemp and hemp-derived products (such as CBD) from the Controlled Substances Act
- The United States Department of Agriculture now oversees regulation, rather than the Drug Enforcement Agency
- Though not all states have completed the process of setting guidelines for hemp production, which means hemp production is not yet fully legal in all states, they are expected to follow-through in most if not all cases
- Under FDA guidelines, retailers are prohibited from making health-related claims