CBD 101: A Beginner's Guide to Hemp
What is CBD?
- Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of 100+ naturally occurring phytocannabinoid (“phyto” means “plant”) molecules found in the cannabis plant (industrial hemp)
- CBD interacts with cannabinoid receptors that make up the body’s endocannabinoid system (central regulatory system)
- CBD is emerging as a promising all-natural alternative therapy for many medical ailments, including anxiety and depression, pain, and inflammation
How does CBD affect the body?
- The Endocannabinoid System, or ECS, is a complex network of cannabinoid receptors which extend throughout the body and play a pivotal role in regulating numerous physiological processes such as mood, memory, pain sensitivity, and appetite
- The ECS responds to both internal (endogenous) endocannabinoids produced by the body, but also external (exogenous) cannabinoids like phytocannabinoids
- Phytocannabinoid compounds, such as CBD and THC, interact with the body’s endocannabinoid receptors and may result in therapeutic benefits, which are still being studied
- Most health problems are a result of imbalance in the body. CBD not only helps to maintain vital functions, but it also helps restore homeostasis
Is CBD legal? Yes
- The 2018 Farm Bill, which passed in December, was noted for legalizing the [regulated] production of hemp and hemp-derived products that contain less than 0.3 percent THC. The bill achieved this by removing hemp and hemp-derived products (such as CBD) from the Controlled Substances Act
- The United States Department of Agriculture now oversees regulation, rather than the Drug Enforcement Agency
- Though not all states have completed the process of setting guidelines for hemp production, which means hemp production is not yet fully legal in all states, they are expected to follow-through in most if not all cases
- Under FDA guidelines, retailers are prohibited from making health-related claim
Note: The cannabis plant can either be bred as hemp (high CBD, low THC) or as marijuana (high THC, low CBD). HEMPULSE’s CBD is extracted from hemp plants.
Differences between Hemp and Marijuana
- Cannabis – a plant family that includes many species, such as hemp and marijuana. Although they come from the same family, hemp and marijuana are cultivated differently and, therefore, have unique purposes, uses, and effects
- Hemp – a non-psychoactive (due to very low THC levels) cannabis sativa plant primarily used for dietary supplements, food, cosmetics and personal care products, biofuels, and clothing. Hemp is grown outdoors as a tall crop (aka "industrial hemp") with both female and male plants present to promote pollination and boost seed production. Industrial hemp regulation prohibits cultivation of crops with a THC yield that's greater than 0.3%
- Marijuana – a psychoactive (due to high THC levels) cannabis sativa or indica plant specifically bred to enhance its THC content, which is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. The plant is typically grown indoors under controlled conditions. The growers remove all of the male plants from the crop in order to prevent fertilization - which lowers the plant's THC level. Marijuana plants typically yield a crop with greater than 10% THC